Lesson plan: Units of measurement for lenght. Perimeter

Teacher:

Vela Adela Vega

School:

Școala Gimnazială Nr.1 Oțelu Roșu

Grade:

a V-a B

Subject:

Mathematics

Unit:

Measurement units

Title:

Units of measurement for lenght. Perimeter

Type of lesson:

mixed (acquisition of new knowledge; application of theoretical knowledge in practice)

Time:

50 minutes

General skills:

  1. Identifying some data, quantities and mathematical relations, in the context in which they appear
  2. Processing of mathematical data of quantitative, qualitative, structural type, contained in various information sources
  3. Use of specific concepts and algorithms in various mathematical contexts
  4. Expression in mathematics-specific language of information, conclusions and solutions for a given situation
  5. Analyzing the mathematical characteristics of a given situation
  6. Mathematical modeling of a given situation, by integrating acquisitions from different fields

Specific skills:

  • Identification of elementary geometric notions and units of measurement in different contexts;
    • Use of geometric instruments to measure or build geometric configurations;
    • Characterization by description and drawing of a given geometric configuration.
    • Determining the perimeters and expressing them in appropriate units of measurement;
    • Translating into geometry-specific language some practical problems related to perimeters using the convenient transformation of units of measurement;
    • Interpretation by recognizing the elements, their measures and the relationships between them, of a geometric configuration of a given problem;
    • Analyzing and interpreting the results obtained by solving practical problems that include elements of studied geometry, with reference to geometric figures and units of measurement studied.

Operational objectives

O1. Observation of segments on physical models / drawings;

O2. Exercises to describe and identify some elements of geometric figures: sides or diagonals;

O3. Exercises for measuring or estimating the lengths of objects in the environment (representing sides of flat geometric figures), by choosing the most appropriate unit of measurement for a given context;

O4. Measurement of lengths on models or objects from the surrounding reality (using appropriate measuring instruments;

O5. Applying practical methods for measuring perimeters on models or objects from the surrounding reality;

O6. Exercises for calculating the perimeter of some geometric figures, intuitively highlighting the perimeter;

O7. Transformation exercises of standard units of measurement for length, using decimal fractions;

O8. Comparison of distances / lengths, perimeters expressed by different units of measurement;

O9. Description of geometric representations in practical / applied situations

O10. Description of the methods used to verify the collinearity of given points, with segment lengths;

O11. Activities highlighting the need for an appropriate standard for carrying out measurements;

O12. Activities that highlight the expression, as a result of a measurement, of the length of segments in standard units (meter with multiples and submultiples thereof) or non-standard units;

Purpose:

Development of practical skills; a better correlation between theoretical notions and problems in everyday life; clear understanding of perimeter problems by identifying geometric figures and bodies in surrounding objects.

Teaching strategy:

  1. Methods and procedures: conversation, exposition, explanation, exemplification, knowledge transfer, exercise, problematization, learning by discovery, systematic observation, independent work, didactic game;
  2. Forms of organization: frontal, individual;
  3. Resources:
    1. material: chalk, blackboard, textbook, problem collection, geometry tools, tailoring meter, carpentry meter, roulette, notebooks, evaluation sheet at the end of the class;
    1. Timing: 50 ‘
    1. human: the collective of the 5th grade B

Expected performance:

  • Raising the level of preparation of students and their learning outcomes
  • Improving the skills of measurement, calculation, comparison, application of calculation formulas in problems with practical applications.

Evaluation indicators:

-correct identification of geometric figures and bodies, calculation formulas and units of measurement

Methods of monitoring and evaluation:

-solving worksheets for each activity

-creating a portfolio

Evaluation:

  • By oral check
  • Verbal assessments
  • Systematic observation
  • Analysis of the answers received
  • Selfassessment
  • Solving exercises and problems.

Bibliography:

  1. Textbook for the 5th grade, Marius Perianu, Cătălin Stănică, Ștefan Smărăndoiu, Art Publishing House;
  2. Noua Mate 2000, Workbook, Sorin Peligrad, Parallel Publishing House 45;
  3. The Mathematics curriculum, approved by order of the Minister 3393 / 28.02.2017.

Annexes:

Assessment sheet at the end of the class

Lesson conduct

Lesson stagesActivity contentDidactic strategy Resources:Evaluation
Teacher’s activityStudents’activityProceduralMaterialClassroom management
1.Organizational moment (3min)  Greets the students. Ensures silence and discipline in order to carry out the activity well. Notes the absences. Checks that all students have all the necessary materials on the desks. Prepare the necessary materials.They’re getting ready for class. They have notebooks, textbooks and a geometry kit on the desks.ConversationCatalog Notebooks Textbooks Geometry kit CrayonsFrontal IndividualVerbal appreciations
2. Capturing attention (6 min)  – checking and updating the previously taught knowledge:   Of the following geometric figures: point, segment, line, half-line, rectangle, which can be measured and why?   The teacher appreciates and corrects the students’ answers   The teacher evokes to the students different epochs, in which the neighboring communities used various units of measurement: step, palm, elbow, chain, rod, etc.   Even today there are people who use inches (2.54 cm) and miles (1.609344 km), hence the need to convert to other units of measurement.   That is why the International System of Units was established in Paris, where the standard for meter is kept.   The teacher asks the students to measure the length of the desk with a pencil or pen, determining how many times it is included and asks for some determinations.   Students will then be instructed to measure the desk with the palm.   Hence the students find that segments of equal lengths can have different lengths in different units of measurement.They pay attention to the teacher’s explanations and ask for any clarifications during the discussion.                                   Students measure and note the result, then respond.   Students will be guided to note that although the length of the desk is the same, by measuring with the pencil, they obtained a different number, due to the fact that the pencils used have different lengths.   Students will point out that in order not to get different results, the same units must be used when measuring a length, ie standard units.Conversation Explanation Learning by discovery Systematic observationCrayons NotebooksFrontal IndividualVerbal appreciations Systematic observation Analysis of the received answers Selfassessment
3. Communicating the lesson topic and operational objectives (2 min)  Informs students about the lesson. Writes the date and the title of the lesson ″ Units of measurement for length. Perimeter ” on the board Informs students about the main objectives of the lessonStudents write the title of the lesson in the notebooks.Conversation ExplanationPencils Notebooks Board  ChalkFrontal IndividualVerbal appreciations  
4. Content presentation and learning process (38 min)  Communicates to students that the main unit of length measurement is the meter (m).     We also use: Multiples of the meter: decameter (dam), hectometer (hm), kilometer (km) Submultiples of the meter: decimeter (dm), centimeter (cm), millimeter (mm).   Then s/he draws units of measurement for length on the board   S/He informs them that the following rules are used to transform from one unit of measurement to another:   Large units are transformed into small units by multiplying by 10n, n being the number of steps that go down   Small units turn into large units by dividing by 10n, n being the number of steps that go up   Lengths are measured with various instruments: graduated ruler, ordinary meter, carpenter’s meter, tailoring meter, roulette, caliper, micrometer, chain, etc.   Measurement errors can occur in any instrument, any measurement requires an approximation.   Then the teacher asks students to express values ​​for various lengths (notebook width, distance from Bucharest to Timisoara, etc.) and to observe the need to use multiples and submultiples. The teacher draws the scale of multiples and submultiples of the meter on the board.   The teacher asks students to appreciate concrete lengths (own height, class length, notebook length, road to the city center)   It offers students exercises for transforming units of measurement.   The teacher tells the students a situation in which a person has to determine the length of the fence needed to fence a field.   Then writes the definition on the board: The perimeter of a geometric figure bordered by right segments is equal to the sum of the lengths of these segments. It is denoted by P.   The perimeter of a square with side length equal to l is P = 4l. The perimeter of a rectangle with side lengths equal to L (for length) and l (for width) is P = 2 • (L + l).   The perimeter of a triangle with the length of the sides a, b, c is P = a + b + c.   Then the perimeter of the board is determined, and the assessment sheets will be solved for 10 minutes, the requirements will be explained and the students will be supervised during the solving of the sheets.   In the last 10 minutes we will move on to an activity that will take place in the school yard.Students pay attention to explanations and then write in notebooks             Students pay attention to explanations and then write in notebooks                                                       Students pay attention to the explanations and then write in notebooks They answer questions                         The students pay atention to the transformations                       Solve the topics on the received handouts.                            Teams of 4-5 students are formed. Each team is given a field to be drawn, measured and divided into geometric figures: square, rectangle. Students calculate perimeters in units of measurement set by the teacher. The applied math problems in the worksheet will be solved.  Explanation Exercise Problematization           Explanation Exercise Problematization                                                                                                 Written assessment  Pencils Notebooks Board   Chalk       pencils notebooks Board  Chalk Geometry kit                                               Pencils Notebook Board Chalk                                                 Evaluation handout  Frontal       Individual  Verbal appreciations Systematic observation Analysis of the received answers   Selfassessment   Solving exercises and problems                                                                                       Test paper
4. Homework(1 min)Communicates homework Exercises will be dictated for the topic in the book, which contains problems similar to those solved in classWrite down the homework.ConversationNotebooksFrontalVerbal appreciation

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